The District climate favors mainly the growth of highland food crops such as maize, Irish potato, sweet potato, sorghum, beans, and finger millet. Others, which are grown on small scale by households, include; tobacco, Arabica coffee, temperate fruits (apples), peas, wheat, barley and vegetables (cabbages, tomatoes, cauliflowers, carrots, onions, beet root, spinach, collards and green pepper).
Fish farming is a relatively new enterprise but steadily picking up. There is a lot of potential for fish farming especially near the wetlands and stream flows. To date there more than 40 fish ponds out of which only 12% are fully stocked. There are no fish breeding centers in the District . Lake Bunyonyi is the only water body in the District but due to limited breeding areas, its productivity to yield fish to feed the population is limited, however it has big potential for cage farming. There is need to exploit fish production on the lake through cage farming.
There are only two significanto natural resources within the district that attract foreign and local income.They include
This is a crater lake is rumoured to be the second deepest lake in Africa.There are various tourism establishments around the lake that employ the local people.There is also plenty of clay fish on the Lake.
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest
This tropical rain forest has 11 habituated gorilla families available or trecking and is home for over 350 species of birds,primates such as chimpanzis and monkeys
The District has a number of minerals. Over 200 million tons (MT) of iron ore reserves at Muko but other places with iron ore include Hamurwa. Wolfram in Muko, and other minerals such as Native Bismuth, Speculite hematite, etc.