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Trade & Local Economic development
There are 28 registered cooperative societies Of the total 17 Primary societies, 11 are SACCOs. Of the total registered Cooperative Societies 40% are very active, 10% semi active and 45% are dormant

No Name of Sub county Total registered societies
1 Bubare 1
2 Bufundi 1
3 Hamurwa Sc 1
4 Hamurwa Tc 2
5 Ikumba 2
6 Muko 3
7 Nyamweru 1
8 Ruhija 0
Total 11

Some of the above societies have storage facilities which require support for rehabilitation for proper usage. There is need to strengthen their operations through capacity building, regular supervision and interim audits all which require staff.

There are 10 markets places. With the exception of, Murole, , Muko and Hamurwa the rest of the markets are not serviced with basic infrastructure. They lack all the facilities like sheds, water, storage, power, roads, etc. One of the above markets operates daily, the rest once a week. Two of these markets are near the border of Rwanda and promote cross border trade. The marketing system is influenced by farmer groups/associations individuals, traders and the government. Farmers market their produce through a long market chain involving many players and middlemen that make the farm gate price and consumer price significantly different. Some of the products like Irish potatoes, vegetables, dairy and sorghum end up outside the District and across borders to Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo.

The local buying centres are scattered to convenient locations within the District namely:
Rural Markets
Trading Centres
Village shops
On-the-farm (ad-hoc) buying points.

The present marketing outlets include:
daily/weekly/ rural markets
Middle vendors
Agro processors
Institutions like schools, hotels, exporters, etc. Support to formation and strengthening of farmers/producers marketing groups/associations, as well as and improved access to market information will enable the farmers/producers and traders to enhance their capacity to predict, improve quality and competitiveness to negotiate fairly for their products.

Major Challenges faced byMicro, Small scale and Medium Business Enterprises i nclude;
Lack of business skills and knowledge
Limited capacity and organization
Poor availability of market oriented information and absence of effective market linkages
Insufficient capital and liquidity (low equity/capital base)
Limited access to financial resources/support for operations and investment
Poor quality control
Lack of spare parts and support services
Lack of appropriate technologies including lack of value added
Taxation (too high and many categories)
Lack of sustainability including poor management and limited vision
Lack of legal status for associations
Poor transport and communication systems
High transport costs due to poor roads and high fuel prices
Lack of locally produced packaging materials
Inadequate extension services
Limited information on rules and regulations
Unfavourable banking procedures (high interest rates, banks not interlinked)
Irregular power supply and high electricity tariffs
Substandard goods/Inputs on the market.

There is high potential for tourism industry in the District . The District has several tourist attractions which include:
Pleasant cool climate
Wild life (Mountain gorilla, Elephants, birds, primates, statunga, and otters),
Natural forests (Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Echuya)
Exquisite view of Lake Bunyonyi
Green terraced interlocking hills and steep sided valleys
Rock shelters (caves)
Hot springs
Swampy areas for ecotourism
Cultural heritage

The following recommendations have been adopted towards better performance for economic development and improving livelihood of communities
Hotels, accommodation and camp sites facilities
Mount nearing
Adventure (forest walk, hiking, cycling)
Community tourism (Batwa community)

The above help to;
Promote participation of natural resources reliant community in the management, conservation and sustainable utilization of the environment and natural resources
Mainstreaming climate change adoption actions in planning and implementation based on the prevailing climate variability
Mobilise and increase resource allocation to support sustainable natural resources management
Strengthen the implementation and enforcement of natural resources policies, by-laws and ordinances to curb environment crimes and recognize and provide incentives to those demonstrating good practice regarding environment and natural resources management
Promote and support mechanisms that consider waste as a resource at community.
Strengthen the integration of ecosystem approaches to planning and implementation among key natural resources development institutions. Integrate tourism development and physical planning into economic

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