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Community Based Services
This Department provides a human face and promotes community level action in a bid to reduce poverty. It Focuses on the promotion of social protection, equality, equity, human rights, culture, decent work conditions, and employment. The department is mandated to empower communities to harness their potential, promote the inclusion of the poor, vulnerable and excluded groups, strengthen social cohesion and build capacity for collective action towards development as well as enhance the capacity of citizens and civic groups to hold the duty bearers and institutions accountable for the services that they offer.

Vision”A better standard of living, equity and social cohesion”

Mission “To promote gender equality, social protection and Transformation of communities”.

Strategic objectives
To promote positive cultural values, Rights of vulnerable groups and gender responsive development
Enhance effective participation of communities in the development process
Enhance the resilience and productive capacity of vulnerable persons for inclusive growth
Strengthen the performance of SDS institutions
Reduce imbalances and improve access to opportunities for all.
Empower Youth, Women, PWDs, OVCs and older persons to harness their potential for self-reliance

Livelihoods describes the whole complex of factors that allow families to sustain themselves materially, emotionally, spiritually, and socially. Central to this is income, whether in the form of cash, or in the form of natural products directly consumed for subsistence, such as fish, fuel, or building materials. The rural poor derive a significant fraction of their total income from ecosystem goods and services. We refer to such nature-based income as environmental income. Because of their dependence on environmental income, the poor are especially vulnerable to ecosystem degradation. These were identified as payment of bride price, looking after extended families, polygamy, visiting of witch doctors, men not allowing their wives to engage in gainful employment, and women being submissive to them, lack of women empowerment, polygamy are major characteristics for the population in the area.

Matrix showing the analysis of how some category of population survives
Category of Population Major Income sources Major Expenditure areas
Rich h/hs Farming, Sell of animals, Salary and Business Domestic equipment, School fees, Transport, hire labor, makes investments and enjoys leisure.
Poor h/h (male headed) Sell of Casual Labor, Sell of crops and crafts Clothes, Drinking alcohol, Buying food, Treatment and children are in UPE and USE schools
Poor female headed H/h have no surplus for sale but are forced to sell part of the food and provide casual labour buying necessities such as salt second hand clothes, tools/Equipment , health care, domestic needs
Child headed H/h Sell of casual Labor and help from well-wisher and relatives Household needs, health care, Food and Clothes
Elderly -Sell property, begging, gifts and help from children health care, Medical, Food, Clothes and Maintenance of house
PWDS -Handouts
-Sell of crafts petty business, entertainment
health care, Food and H/hold items

Ecosystems provide the foundation for all human survival, since they produce the food, air, soil, and other material supports for life. Everyone, rich and poor, urban and rural, depends on the goods and services that ecosystems provide. But the rural poor have a unique and special relationship with ecosystems that revolves around the importance of these natural systems to rural livelihoods.

Human settlement The population is mainly settled on hillsides, valleys, along national and District feeder roads and flat areas. The steep slopes, deep valleys, plateaus, wetlands and forested areas are mainly for cultivation and grazing. The type of settlement partner in the District is nuclear due to extended families living within a particular location.

Productive resources and economic activities
The District enjoys plenty of natural resources that such as minerals especially iron ore and wolfram which have enhance employment, ever green vegetation, cool climate and good scenery, Creator Lake of Bunyonyi which attracts tourists, international boundary with the republic of Rwanda, forests of Echuya and Bwindi impenetrable which is the habitant of mountain gorillas and hence tourism development, fertile soils for growth of variety of agricultural products. However, there other economic activities delivered from human activities also enhance their livelihoods

Policy documents that guide SDS
Equity promotion strategy.
National child labour policy
National employment policy
National library policy
National policy on HIV/AIDS at the world of work
National policy for older persons
National policy on disability

The Public Finance and Accountability Act, 2015, require MDAs and LGs to address gender and equity issues in their Budget Framework Paper and is now mandatory.
MDAs and LGs will be issued with aGender and Equity Certificate as a requirement before submission of the BFP to the Parliament for approval.MDAs and LGs are required to demonstrate how they contribute to the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as highlighted in the NDPII. The goals specific to gender and equity are:
Goal 3: “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”;
Goal 4: “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all”.
Goal 5: “Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls”.
Goal 10: “Reduce Inequality within and among countries”.

Summary population characteristics
To facilitate measuring of progress of the key development results and targets identified in the NDPII, all MDAs and LGs are required to disaggregate their indicators by sex, age, disability and geographical location.
Population of Rubanda is 196,896,
Female contribute 53.3%,
Children 0-17 years 54.3%,
Population 18-30years 20.7%,
Population 60+ 4.9%,
No. households 43,354,
Household size 4.5 persons,
Percentage FHH 20.6% and
Percentage Widowed is 33.1%
Persons aged 10-17 years ever been married 5.6%,
Persons aged 12-17 years who have given birth 5.6 %,
Orphans - Children aged 0-8 years 4.2%
Orphans -Children aged 0-17 years 8.0% as per 2014 housing and population census

Review of Sector Development situations and challenges
The department of Community Based Services is comprised of 10 sections; Department administration., Probation and social welfare, Adult learning, Gender mainstreaming, Children and youth, Elderly and Disability, Support to Youth council, Culture mainstreaming, Support to Women council, Labour dispute management. The department implements projects initiated by the Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development and those initiated by the department itself through proposal writing. It is managed by the District Community Development officer, the Senior Probation Officer, Senior Community Development Officer, Senior labour officer, Probation Officer, and 8 CDO&1ACDO in 8 Lower Local Government.

Implementing partners
AICM, Implementing partners
Nature Uganda
Njunamagara Ministries
Rubanda PHCP
Compassion International

Analysis of literacy levels in the District
Persons aged 10-17 years who are illiterate 21.1%
Persons aged 18 years+ who are illiterate 27.7%
Persons aged 18-30 years who are illiterate 13.5%

Some FAL instructors were given bicycles under Kabale District while others had not received the bicycles.
The token of Shs. 15,000= per quarter is has been put in the budget to cater for their transport for report submission although it is very meager to have any meaningful impact.
There are many classes and funds inadequate to conduct support supervision and purchase of instructional materials.
Attendance of learners during harvest and planting periods is minimal.
Lack of transport means by district and sub county staff to carry out support supervision.
Inadequate instructional materials.

Probation and Child welfare The CDOs’ capacity to identify and follow up of child protection cases will be strengthened in this plan. It focuses on training of Para social workers (community resource persons) and in-service training of education staff, health and parish chiefs also to contribute to the team of child protection workers in the community. The sector handles most the cases and a few are referred either to Family Children Court for further action or to police because of their criminal nature. A few are referred back to the Local council courts because of the procedures required by law. According to the cases reported, major causes is child rights violations and they include: Domestic violence, Property wrangles, Lack of awareness on human rights, Poverty, Illiteracy, Alcoholism, Orphan hood, Drug abuse, Poor enforcement of existing laws, Political interference and over stay in power of the local council structures

Analysis of the State Of Crosscutting Issues
The cross cutting issues are issues that contribute to accelerating or delaying the prog¬ress of development. It is therefore important to prioritize them in planning and budgeting process and provide for mitigation measures. These crosscutting issues are Gender, En-vironment, Human rights, Disability, Nutrition, Governance, Population and Development, Science and Innovation, Child health, Social Protection, Climate Change, HIV/AIDS and Culture and attitudinal change for development. The District was able to analyse these issues in relation to service delivery to the population

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